Everyday Roman objects

Whether in the first farm on the Loupian estate or in the village of Marinesque, tableware and amphorae reveal the openness of the rural populations to Roman objects and the Roman way of life in the 1st century BCE. The amphorae, which account for a third of the material discovered, are of the Dressel 1 type – long and slender with a triangular rim. Like some other amphorae from the Mediterranean basin, they were used to hold a wine that was appreciated by the Gauls. Imported items, which include tableware and drinking vessels, such as Campanian ware cups, plates and platters, as well as thin-walled drinking vessels, provide evidence Romanised consumption. There was a continuation of Gallic customs in terms of ceramic cookware, non-wheel-turned ceramic containers for food storage and food preparation that favoured boiling.

The coins found reveal the wide range of supply sources used by rural sites – which was amplified in the case of the village that was closely linked with the Via Domitia. Roman coinage, in both bronze and silver, was naturally quite present. Coins from Marseille are prominent: the proximity of the trading post of Agathe (Agde) resulted in a continuous flow of silver obols and especially of small bronze coins. Currencies of southern Gaul included coins issued by Baeterrae (Béziers) as well as by the Volcae Arecomici (Nîmes).

Medias

Interactive document - Dressel 1B amphora from the Madrague de Giens shipwreck (Var)

Dressel 1B amphora from the Madrague de Giens shipwreck (Var)

These wine amphorae were manufactured on Italy's Tyrrhenian coast, and are abundantly present in Loupian, as they are in most rural sites in southern Gaul from the 1st century BCE.
© André Tchernia, excavation director, photo: Stéphane Cavillon, MCC-DRASSM
Interactive document - Campanian ware plates, bowls and cups

Campanian ware plates, bowls and cups

The tableware, for both serving and dining, mostly consisted of thin-walled black slipware from southern Italy.
© Michel Py, CNRS - UMR 5140
Interactive document - Olpe made from limestone clay

Olpe made from limestone clay

This type of recipient, which was locally produced in the 1st century BCE, was used for serving beverages, wine for the most part.
Michel Py, CNRS - UMR 5140
Interactive document - Non-wheel-thrown ceramic pot

Non-wheel-thrown ceramic pot

This moulded indigenous container was used for preparing and cooking food, but also for storing and preserving it.
© Michel Py, CNRS - UMR 5140
Interactive document - Coins from a waystation along the Via Domitia

Coins from a waystation along the Via Domitia

Coins provide important evidence of trade. Silver drachmas from Marseille, Gallic coins in both bronze (potins with a demon's head) and silver (coins with a cross).
© Iouri Bermond, MCC-DRAC Languedoc-Roussillon